Maps with separator lines

Some maps, bundled with amCharts 4, such as "U.S. territories" come with built-in separator lines. This tutorial will explain how to enable and configure them.

Maps with separators

GeoJSON format, which we use for our maps, allows including not only areas (polygons), but also line information. They may be used for a variety of reasons, i.e. separating displaced polygons, indicating that they were deliberately moved for aesthetic purposes.

The most notable example is a variety of distorted U.S. maps with some of the island states and territories displayed below the mainland map:

A map of U.S. states and territories

At this time we have two maps that have separators embedded:

  • usaTerritories
  • usaTerritories2

Let's try creating a simple map with usaTerritories.

See the Pen amCharts 4: Using separators by amCharts team (@amcharts) on CodePen.0

All the territory polygons appear, but... "look ma, no separators"!

Enabling separator lines

Separator lines are (shocker) not polygons. They are lines, hence they do not appear as part of the MapPolygonSeries.

To enable those lines, we will need to create another series - MapLineSeries.

let separatorSeries = chart.series.push(new am4maps.MapLineSeries());
separatorSeries.useGeodata = true;
var separatorSeries = chart.series.push(new am4maps.MapLineSeries());
separatorSeries.useGeodata = true;
{
// ...
"series": [{
"type": "MapPolygonSeries",
// ...
}, {
"type": "MapLineSeries",
"useGeodata": true
}]
}

Let's see how our map looks now.

See the Pen amCharts 4: Using separators by amCharts team (@amcharts) on CodePen.0

There they are.

Configuring separators

Final step in our short tutorial is learning how to configure our separators.

Technically, separators are just like any other line series. So you can configure them using mapLines.template.

MORE INFO Configuring line series is described in great detail in "Map lines" article.

Let's just see how we can easily change color of the lines.

separatorSeries.mapLines.template.stroke = am4core.color("#999");
separatorSeries.mapLines.template.stroke = am4core.color("#999");
{
// ...
"series": [{
"type": "MapPolygonSeries",
// ...
}, {
"type": "MapLineSeries",
"useGeodata": true,
"mapLines": {
"stroke": "#999"
}
}]
}

See the Pen amCharts 4: Using separators by amCharts team (@amcharts) on CodePen.0

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